Restless leg syndrome (RLS) or Willis-Ekbom disease is an uncomfortable sensation in the legs that typically involves an overwhelming need to move them. Generally the agitation occurs in the afternoon or evening when resting. In fact, people who suffer from RLS can experience irritability, tiredness, have low energy and may be depressed due to a constant disruption of sleep.
According to the Mayo Clinic, other RLS symptoms include:
- RLS sometimes affects the arms.
- Symptoms are worse in the evening.
- Symptoms are in both legs not just one side.
- Possible twitching in the nighttime during sleep.
- Symptoms are often relieved with movement like walking, stretching or shaking the legs.
- Sensations start after rest generally while lying down or when sitting for long periods of time such as in a movie theater, in a plane or vehicle.
In addition, the Mayo Clinic states that leg sensations are felt within the limbs and not particularly on the skin. These sensations often include a feeling of:
- Jolted or electrified feeling
Moreover, symptoms of restless leg syndrome will often vary in severity. In addition, symptoms may disappear for long periods of time then emerge again.
Although the cause of restless leg syndrome is unknown, there are considerable studies that suggest the condition may be due to a variety of factors:
- Lack of sleep or sleep apnea
- Nerve damage (neuropathy)
- Last trimester of pregnancy
- Low levels of iron in the brain
- Nicotine, alcohol and caffeine use
- Hemodialysis and last stage of renal disease
- Disorder of the basal ganglia’s dopamine pathways like Parkinson’s disease
- Certain drugs like antinausea drugs, antidepressants that increase serotonin, antipsychotic drugs and some allergy medications with diphenhydramine
For the most part, the majority of RLS conditions can be treated without medications. However, treatment for restless leg syndrome is dependent on the possible cause. If you suspect that you have RLS, it is recommended that you seek medical advice for an accurate diagnosis. One of the leading vein specialists in Metro Atlanta area is Amish Tilara, M.D. at Atlanta Vascular and Vein Center. Amish Tilara, M.D. is renowned for his expertise in various vascular and vein procedures such as restless leg syndrome, vascular disease, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), varicose veins or spider veins, dialysis access maintenance, pain management and other vein conditions.
At Atlanta Vascular and Vein Center, emphasis is placed on long-lasting function, restoration, protection and vascular mediation. In fact, the main objective for Amish Tilara, M.D. is to strive for understanding and to listen to every patient’s medical condition. What is more, every patient receives a treatment plan, which is the most beneficial and caters to his or her condition.
The Atlanta Vascular and Vein Center in Lawrenceville, Georgia serves the surrounding areas in Buford, Duluth, Suwanee, Dacula, Norcross, Grayson, Snellville and Lilburn.
Note: This article is not intended to replace any type of medical advice. If you have questions or concerns about restless leg syndrome, make an appointment at Atlanta Vascular and Vein Center with Amish Tilara, M.D.
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