Blood Clot Treatments
What is a Blood Clot?
A blood clot (thrombus) occurs when muscles do not regularly contract to push blood back and forth to the heart causing blood to become “stagnant”. At this point, blood begins to coagulate (thicken) along the walls of veins which can partially or completely block the flow of blood causing potentially significant consequences. Blood clots can also form when the lining of a blood vessel, artery, or vein is damaged due to a cut or laceration and may not be visible to the naked eye. This type of blood clot occurs naturally and can best be described as a healing process for the human body. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) blood clots may form in the deep blood vessels, most commonly in the legs and groin, and can block normal blood flow returning from the legs to the heart. Learn more+
Thrombolysis therapy is a medical procedure used to treat patients that have deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the legs, pelvic area, or upper areas of the body. During the procedure, Dr. Tilara injects clot-dissolving medication into the blood vessel or vein. The medication flows through the bloodstream to breakup the clot; however, if the clot does not dissolve Dr. Tilara will insert a long, thin, guided catheter into the vessel to cause the clot to break up. If DVT clots are left untreated, parts of the clot can detach and travel to an artery in the lungs, which results in acute pulmonary embolism. Learn more+
Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) Filter Placement
The inferior vena cava, or IVC, is the largest vein in the human body and carries blood from the lower half of the body and returns it to the right atrium of the heart. IVC filters are placed when a patient has a history or risk of developing blood clots in the legs or cannot take blood thinners. Learn more+
The treatment of blood clots often involves blood thinner medication to control the clotting process and are chosen based on clot severity, location, and patient medical history. Some of the most common blood thinners are listed below:
- Warfarin (Coumadin) is a blood thinner that blocks carious clotting factors that depend upon vitamin K. Every patient is unique when it comes to the dosing requirements for warfarin, and blood tests are routinely done to make certain that the blood is anti-coagulated to the appropriate level. There are numerous drug interactions with this medication that can cause the blood to become “too thin”. Warfarin dosing always needs to be monitored, and a patient should never alter the dose of this medication without consulting Atlanta Vascular and Vein Clinics.
- Apixaban (Eliquis), Rivaroxaban (Xarelto), Dabigatran (Pradaxa), and Edoxaban (Savaysa) are newer anticoagulant medications that have been approved for the treatment of certain types of atrial fibrillation, deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. They begin working almost immediately and do not need blood tests to monitor their activity.
- Heparin is often the first line drug in treating deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolus and is used routinely as part of the heart attack treatment protocol.
Atlanta Vascular and Vein Center is located in Lawrenceville, GA servicing patients living in Metro Atlanta, Gwinnett County and the surrounding communities including Duluth, Dacula, and Grayson. Call 678-878-4555 today to schedule an appointment today.